Click on this empty grid – you should be able to print it off, or just draw one!
Now, I’m going to give you a list of language types and your job is to decide which category they mostly belong to. Of course there’ll be some overlap but don’t stress about that. Instead ask yourself which type of language dominates?
If the answer is…
mostly facts = information
mostly logical opinions = argument
mostly emotive manipulation = persuasion
mostly vivid imagery = description
There’ll also be some listed below that you’d need more information about before you could intelligently decide where to put them. For example, a cookery blog would fall mostly into the language of information; a company blog would be persuasive (buy our stuff!); a political blog would be argumentative and a personal diary-style blog would be descriptive.
You may also feel that some belong in two (or more) categories as they would combine elements of more than one type of language use. My advice is leave the ones you’re not sure about til the end – perhaps scribble the ones you decide to skip on a piece of paper so you know which ones you need to return to.
Right, here are the genres (don’t worry, not all of these can appear on the exam!)
Letter of Application
Competition entry / Nomination
Book / DVD blurb
Personal Ad (in newspaper or on a dating website)
Letter to the Editor
Campaign speech / Political speech
Instructions / How to video
Newspaper article (opinion piece)
Memoir / biography / autobiography
Personal Statement (e.g. applying for UCAS)
Court case (case for the prosecution / case for the defence)
Satire / Parody
Travel Writing (travelogue)
Victim impact statement
Current Affairs programme (Primetime, Tonight w/V B)
Academic essay / thesis
Script / Dialogue
Labels / Packaging
Online forum (eg. boards.ie)
Leaflet (eg in doctor’s surgery)
Billboard / poster
Speech / Talk